Friday, 4 December 2015

南美洲旅游须知 (机票、签证、货币、治安解答)

Salar de Uyuni,Boliva

机票

便宜机票人人爱。楼主都是用Skyscanner找寻便宜机票。但是要注意的是,许多内陆航班是无法在Skyscanner找得到的。建议多上网了解该国的各种廉价航空,然后直接在航空公司网站订购。

之前说过朋友这次的南美洲机票只须SGD2,600 (Singapore to Argentina),乘坐的是Turkey Airline。难得的是British Airline (SG2,929) 也是这个价钱范围。Qatar则是 SGD 2,881,而且只须30小时飞程! 如果是Singapore Airline需要SGD5,000以上。

Singapore to Argentina需要多长的飞程?答案是平均40小时。

http://www.skyscanner.com.sg/




语言

除了巴西使用葡萄牙语之外,其它国家(秘鲁,智力,阿根廷)均使用西班牙语。


货币

【巴  西】:Cruzeirro 克魯賽羅/Cr$
【秘  魯】:Sol 索爾/Sl
【阿根延】:Pesio 比索/$a
【智  利】:Pesio 比索/E




巴西货币单位Brazilian real,1 USD = 2.9 Brazilian real

智力货币单位Chilean peso,1 USD=600 Chilean peso

秘鲁货币单位Peruvian nuevo sol,1 USD=3.5 Peruvian nuevo sol,美元当地也通用,可直接美元结账。

阿根廷货币单位Argentine peso,1 USD=2.91 Argentine peso

玻利维亚货币单位 Bolivian boliviano, 1USD=6.91 Bolivian boliviano


Visa Requirement


Argentina
Some nationalities can get 90 days on entry. 
Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong (S.A.R.), Honduras, Holy See, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russian, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Santa Lucia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Suriname, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, UK, Ukraine,  Uruguay, U.S.A., and Venezuela.

If you are Australian, Canadian or from the USA you will need to pay the "Reciprocity Fee". US$160 for USA, US$100 for Australians and Canadians. You can pay it online before arriving then show them the print out.

Everyone else needs to apply for a visa in advance. 

Bolivia
Visas are not required by visitors from the following countries;
Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liehtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Vatican and Venezuela for visits up to 90 days.

A visa on arrival valid for 30 days can be had by visitors from Armenia, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Saudi Arabia, Azerbaijan, Algeria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Botswana, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Cyprus, Comoros, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, United Arab Emirates, Russia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Solomon , Islands, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lesotho, Lebanon, Liberia, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Morocco, Mauritius, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Central African Republic, South Korea, Dominican Republic, Tanzania, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Singapore, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Thailand, Tajikistan, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan,  Tuvalu,  Ukraine, Uganda, United States, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The visa costs around US$50

Chile
Citizens from Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay can travel to Chile with their national identity card, but citizens from other countries need a valid passport.

A visa is NOT required to enter Chile for a stay of 30-90 days for the following passport holders: 
Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech, Denmark, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Granada, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Some nationals have to pay a fee on arrival: Australia - US$117, Mexico - US$23, Suriname - US$25, USA - US$160.

All other nationalities must contact the Chilean consulate for an application to obtain a visa. 

Brazil
Visas are not required by holders of passports of the following countries. 
Andorra, Argentina, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Chile, Cyprus, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Namibia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Singapore (max. 30-day stay), Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, the Sovereign Order of Malta, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, the Vatican and Venezuela.

Brazil has a reciprocal visa situation. If Brazilians need a visa for the country you are from then you need a visa for Brazil. The procedd for applying for a visa and entering Brazil may be replicated.

Peru
Nationals of the following countries can visit Peru for up to 90 days without a visa. 

Andorra, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Cook Islands, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Rep., Ecuador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Granada, Greece, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kiribati, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niue, Norway, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Salomon Islands, Samoa, San Marino, Serbia and Montenegro, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, St Christopher & Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and Grenadines, Surinam, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Vanuatu and Venezuela. 

- Nationals of countries not mentioned above require a tourist visa and must obtain it from the Peruvian consulate preferably in person. 
-Nationals from Bangladesh, Cuba, China, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan and Sri Lanka require authorisation from the immigration office in Lima in order to obtain a tourist visa. 

更多国家Visa查询:http://www.projectvisa.com/visainformation

看了以上,马来西亚公民还是被善待的。=D


氣 候

平均氣溫表 (攝氏℃)
國 家 12~翌年3月 4~5月 6~9月 10~11月
巴 西 25~35 20~30 20~30 20~30
阿根延 20~25 8~25 8~20 15~20
秘 魯 20~30 10~20 8~15 15~25
智 利 10~30 5~20 8~15 10~20


治安


巴西、秘鲁、古巴治安较差,应结伴行,避免乘坐公共交通。部份國家贫富不均、穷困地区人民生活困苦,很多人铤而走险,所以旅客進出机场、酒店或游览區時需特別提高警觉。该地区卫生條件普通较差,请自备简单自助药品,以备不時之需。


美食


烤天竺鼠 (Guinea pig)是秘魯人喜歡的道地美食~


南美洲美景


Ushuaia, Argentina - 这里被称为世界的尽头,是最南端的板块,也是去南极的入口处。



Cuba - 第一次接触Cuba要算在巴厘岛的一间餐厅。餐厅名字叫做Havana,这是古巴精神领袖的名字。第二次,是俺身边的朋友到了古巴旅行,拍了令我心头一震的照片。这里还活在上个世纪,单看汽车就知道了。(他们绝对不是在怀旧)街道上的建筑物五颜六色,居民头顶的帽子是个大黄梨。



Easter Island,Chile - 巨大的石像到底是为了什么而搬到岛上?最近读了一则新闻,巨石下其实是庞大的身躯,巨人的手与身体就埋藏在地底下!


Antartica - 来到南美洲,你已经离南极好靠近了。


Machu Picchu, Peru - 这里是名副其实的天空之城。是个至今还是谜团的古代遗迹。



Perito Moreno Glacier,Argentina - 在海上的冰原森林,巨大的让人叹为观止。


Salar de Uyuni -天空之镜,每逢雨季就会出现的奇景。指南针会在这里失效,方圆百里没有可以辨识的建筑物。 晚上的天空之镜像是在宇宙。



暂时那么多,希望对想到南美洲的朋友有帮助。=D

9 comments:

  1. 這些地方都在我的list裏面,����就缺个旅伴

    ReplyDelete
  2. 這些地方都在我的list裏面,����就缺个旅伴

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. 去这么遥远的地方,还真的不容易找到旅伴 =(

      Delete
  3. 我很早就想去, 就却旅伴:(

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